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腾飞体育官方网站【qdhongxuweimy.cn】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。阿拉善盟崭量植工程有限公司(原杭州挂烟烦航天信息有限公司)成立于1995年,占地面积77269平方米,名典体育其中生产厂房占地5552平方米,仓库面积占地0451平方米。固定资产3422万元,流动资产0378万元,干部职工共385人,工程技术人员62人。腾飞体育官方网站FengFeiWangXiaomingCurrently,,theseplacesstilldonothaveaprofoundunderstandi,Chinashoulddeepenitsunderstandingofthelawsgoverningthedevelopmentofstrategicemergingindustriesandfocusitsenergyontheinnovationoftechnologies,commercialmodels,ustriesIngeneral,thelifecycleofanindustrycomprisesthreestages:takeoff,rstages:knowledge,technology,product,,,thedevelopmentofstrategicemergingindustriesobserveslawsthataredistinctivelydifferentfromthosegoverningthedevelopmentoftraditionalindustries,andthetakeoffsta,,,,anew-energyvehiclecanbeanelectricone,,athinfilmone,oraphotovoltaic/,,subversiveinnovationappearsoneafteranother,eachcausing"innovativedamage"totheformerandturningtheor,,,onlywheneffectivesupplyisprovidedcandemandbeformed(,theInternetofThings).Second,whenanemergingproductreplacesatraditionalone,itwillencountermarketbarrierssuchasthenear-perfectpropertiesandsoundservicefacilitiesofthetraditionalproduct(,whenelectricvehiclesreplacegasfuelvehicles).Third,thecostofanemergingproductinearlymarketizationisratherhighandlesscompetitiveundertheexistingmarketrules(,newenergies).Three,,innovativeenterprisesaresmallandhighlyactiveand,theinformationr,Ci,industrialchainstillhasnocleardivisionoflabor,andenterprisesmu,verticalintegrationistheleadingcorporateorganizationinthisstage,,investmentstendt,,forexample,thenew-energyvehiclesintheUnitedStateswereblockedbythethreeautogiantsandtheITrevolut,whetherastrategicemergingindustrycangrowdependsontwofactors:thedevelopmentoftechnologiesandtheconversionofresearchresults,dthetechnologicaluncertaintyinthetakeoffstagedeterminethatthedevelopmentofastrategicemergingindustryshouldneve,emphasisshoul,allotherleadingeconomiesareemphasizingthedevelopmentoftechnologieswhentheydevelopemergingindustries,andarecallingthem"emergingtechnologies"or"emergingindustriesandtechnologies".Wesuggestthe12thfive-yearplanshouldreplacetheterm"strategicemergingindustries"withtheterm"strategicemergingindustriesandtechnologies",twonewpolicyapproachesmaybeintroduced:One,,majori,alliancescanplayuniquerolesinintegratingeconomyw,insteadofbeingclosedsuchasthoseestablishedbycompetentgovernmentdepartments,,thegovernmentmayhavechartedtheleadingtechnologicalpath,insteadofadoptinganeutraltechnologicalpolicy,,aspecifict,thegovernmentcansupportitwithtechnologypurchase,,thegovernmentcanalsohelpsolvemarketentrydifficultiesbyadoptingdemand-endmeasuressuchasdemonstration,ductandanindustry,,,contractenergymanagementhasdevelopedintoabriskenergy-savingserviceindustrysimplybecausethiscommercialm,commercia,theInternetofThingsindustryinitsearlydevel,itrequirestheinno,therechargingmodialmodels,createaliberalatmosphereandenvironment,andremovemarketaccessbarriers,,duetotheamplifyingeffectoftheex,thegovernmentgingindustriesshouldbetakenasanexperimentalfieldforadeeperreformoftheadministrativesystem....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,LiuYunzhong,spatialregulation,theregionalplansgenerallyrefertotheoverallarrangementofthesocialandeconomicdevelopmentandcomprehensivelandregulationinaspeci,theyarestrategies,programsandpolicyoptionsformulatedandimp,someregionalplanshavebeenmadeintonationalstrategies,,,,theyarenationalstrategiesapproved,circulatedoradoptedthroughdiscussionsinrecentyearsbytheStateCouncil;second,theyhavetypicalorientationofregionaleconomy,targetingatspecifictypesofregions,ratherthananmasterplanforthewholecountry;andthird,theregionaldevelopmentplanningisdifferentfromthefive-yearplanfornationalsocialandeconomicdevelopment,,thenationalstrategicregionalplansdiscussedinthisarticledonotcoverthemasterplanforurbandevelopment,provincialurbanplanning,re,therewere78regionalplansandrelevantpolicydocumentsmadeintonationalstrategiesfromJune21,2005whenShanghaiPudongNewAreacomprehensivereformpilotprogramwasapprovedbytheStateCounciluptoSeptember6,2012whenNanshaNewAreawasapproved,excludingstrategiesorguidelinesforgreatregionsincludingnortheastChina,centralandwesternregionssuchasXinjiang,Tibet,GuangxiandQinghaiandsomeoverlappingplanning/,centyears,somenewproble,first,withintensifiedregionalfactormobilityandregionalintegration,thesimpleplanningforadministrativeareascannolongermeettheregionaldevelopmentdemands,andemergingcross-regionalproblems(suchasriverbasinmanagement,eco-environmentalprotectionandetc.)urge,despitetheregionaldevelopmentmasterplansforeast,central,westandnortheastpartsofthecountry,theirwidecoverageleadstopoorfeasibility,orientationandeffectiveness,,astheglobalfinancialcrisistriggeredbyUSsubprimemortgagecrisiskeepsworsening,theglobaleconomymayenteralongperiodofdownturn,theexportandinvestment-drivendevelopmentcanhardlysustain,particularlythecoastalregionsinsoutheastareaofthecountry,andnewmeasuresandpolicesareurgentlynee,thenewroundofeconomicdevelopmentincoastalareassince1990shasfurtherwidenedtheregionalgap,andeffectivemeasuresshouldbetakentopromotetheeconomicdevelopmentincentralandwestregionsandotherunderdevelopedareas,,anumberofnationalstrategicregionalplanswereformulatedinrecentyears,focusingonacceleratingthedevelopmentofkeyareas,implementingmajordevelopmentandreformstrategies,ning,theyear2005and2006markedthebeginning,asonlytwocomprehensivereformpilotareasincludingShanghaiPudongNewAreaandTianjinBinhai,when43keyregionalplanswereapprovedfrom2007to2011,especiallyin2009,2010and2011when12,9and16nationalstrategicregionalplanswereformulatedrespectively,accountingfor70%,regionalplans,insteadofbeingformulatedinanintensiveway,havebeguntotargetonoldrevolutionarybaseareas,areasinhabitedbyethnicminorities,borderareasandpoverty-strickenareas,suchasrockydesertificationareasinYunnan,GuangxiandGuizhou,Wulingegorizedaccordingtotheircoverage,(east,central,westandnortheast),inter-province,,therearetwoplansfortherevitalizationofnortheastChinaandriseofthecentralregionrespectively,11inter-provincialplans,,theinter-provincialplansmostlycoverdifferentprovinces,includingtheYangtzeRiverDelta,PearlRiverDelta,Guanzhong-Tianshuiarea,forestzonesinGreaterKhinganMountainsandLesserKhinganMountains,Haixiarea,Qinghai-Tibet,Chengdu-Chongqing,Wulingshanarea,revolutionarybaseareasinShaanxi,GansuandNingxia,rockydesertificationareasinYunnan,,,sevenarefortheeast,threeforthenortheastandsixforthewestandcentralrespectively;andamongkeycityplans,14fortheeast,,intra-provincialplansandkeycityplanstakethelionsshareandaremainlyfortheeast,nginesofkeycities,andthoseforthewestregionstr,thenationalstrategicregionalplansfallintofourcategories,namelythenationalnewarea,regional(development)plans,(national)instructionsandcomprehensivereformarea(includingcomprehensivesupportingreformpilotareaandcomprehensivereformpilotarea).The35regionaldevelopmentplansaccountforabout2/3,includingspecialenvironmentalprotectionplans(regionalecologicaldevelopmentandenvironmentprotectionplanonQinghai-TibetPlateau),povertyalleviationplan,borderareadevelopmentandopeningupplan(pilotarea),developmentdemonstrationzone/ormulatedbytheStateCouncil,includingZhongyuanEconomicZone,Kashgar-KhorgosEconomicDevelopment,including10nationalcomprehensivesupportingreformpilotareas(ShanghaiPudong,TianjinBinhai,Chongqing,Chengdu,Wuhancityrim,Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtancitycluster,Shenzhen,ShenyangEconomicZone,ShanxiProvinceandXiamen)andthreenationalcomprehensivereformpilotareas(Yunnan,YiwuofZhejiangProvinceandWenzhouofZhejiangProvince).Thenationalnewareasarerepresentativenationalstrate,includingShanghaiPudongNewArea,TianjinBinhaiNewArea,ChongqingLiangjiangNewArea,ZhejiangZhoushanIslandsNewArea,,althoughplanningdocumentsfordifferentregionshavedifferentnature,theyonlydifferinpolicyfocusandthepreferentialdegree,andarethesameintermsofthecoretargetandtheirpromotionalroleinregionaldevelopment.。

    ByHanJun,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo12,,Chinasgrainyieldincreasedfortheeighthconsecutiveyear,(twojinmakeonekilogram)%.Theharvestin2011istheresultofacombinationofrelevantfactorsincluding"supportingpolicy,boomingmarket,hardworkandfavorableweather".Theyieldincreasecanmainlybeattributedtomoresupportingpolicies,steadyfoodprice,extensivepopularizationofmhinasgrainself-sufficiencyhasdroppedto90%.AsChinasmajorimportsaresoybeansinsteadofcereals,however,themajorcerealslikerice,wheatandcornaremorethan98%,Chinastillremainsvulnerabletofrequentandseverenaturaldisasters,roblemof,majorgrainproducingregionsare,the13majorgrainproducingprovincesaccountedfor76%ofthecountry%,atypicalconcerninsomeofthemajorgrainproducingprovincesisthatgrainproduction,insteadofbeinganadvantage,,,therestareexpectedtoberaisedattheprovincial,ssecondgrainproducerHenanProvincehasbeenthel,itspercapitafiscalexpenditurestoodatmerely3,063yuan,whilethefigureofShanghaiwas15,563yuan,,therefore,isstillaprimarytaskwhilehandlingthethree-dimensionalruralissues,namelytheproblemsofagriculture,,inordertostabilizegrainproduction,weshouldfirstmobilizethefarmersinitiativeinplantinggraincropsandthelocalgovernmentsinitiativeinemphasizinggrainproduction.(1)KeepareasonablegrainpriceComparedtotheresidentsincomeandtheoverallpricelevel,einterestsofagricultureandindustry,andalsoanimportanticeforwheatandriceprocurement.(2)Optimizethelong-termmechanismoffinancialsubsidytofarmersgrowinggraincropsOvertherecentyears,thepricesfordieseloil,fertilizerandagriculturalservicesaswellasthecostonlaborhavebeenincreasingconsistently,andtheprofitfromgrainplantinghasbeenreduced,ubsidytoalevelreasonableenoughtocompensatefarmerscostingrowinggrainsandalsoguaranteeforthemanappropriatelevelofprofit.(3)OptimizethebenefitcompensationmechanismformajorgrainproducingregionsIn2011,thecentralfinancerewardedatotal20billionyuanto200majorgrainproducingcountiesthroughoutthecountry(10millionyuanforeachcounty).Sucharewardingpolicyhashelpedtoalleviatetoacertainextentthefinancialdifficultyofthemajorg,thegeneralfeed-backf(15mumakeonehectare)stoodatmerely11yuaninHenan,thefinancialdifficultyofmajorgrainproducingcountiesstandsasaprominentproblemandthecentralfinanceshouldgrantthemrewardsaccordingtothepercapitafinancialresourcesatthecountylevel,ensuringavailabilityofadequatefundsforbasicexpenditureandforsocialundertakingsandimprovingtheirinitiativesindevelopinggrainproduction.(4)ContinuetappingthepotentialofimprovingtheyieldonperunitoflandItsdifficulttorealizebalancedyieldincreaseoverlargeareasbyrelyingonsingletechnology,therefore,weshouldintegrateandpopularizeadvancedandpracticaltechnologies,promotethecombinationofimprovedvarietiesandadvancedmethods,and,cotton,sugarandfreshagriculturalproductsWeshouldhandlewellthecollectionandstorageofcottonandavo,butthepriceincreasehasfailedtoleadtocorrespondingproductionincreassthereforebecomingangedplanformarketregulationsoastoavoidthepricecycleof"biggerincreasefollowedbysharpfall".ChinaEntrepreneursSurveySystem(CESS),InstituteofPublicAdministrationandHumanResourcesResearchReportNo16,2013(Total4265)Inrecentyears,laborshortageandthedifficultyinrecruitingworkershavebecometheincreas,inparticular,theslowdownoftheeconomicgrowthhasaggravatedthepressureonenterprisesinemployingworkersand,meanwhile,thedeclineoftheindustrialinvestmentgrowthhasreducedenterprisesusingthelaborforceandtounderstandwhatwillhappeninthefuture,CESSconductedaquestionnairesurveyonlaborrecruitmenteveryquartersince2012,oraterepresentatives,andstratifiedrandomsamplingwasconductedamongdifferentindustriesonthebasisofChina,with1,,thisreport,whilereferringtoerstwhileCESSdata,makespacketanalysisofthreemajoreconomicareas,namely,theYangtzeRiverDeltaArea,thePearlRiverDeltaAreaandtheBeijiitingworkers:First,thelaborcostcontinuedtorise,inwhichthemonthlypayofbothaverageandtechnicalworkersincreasedonaquarterlybasis;Second,enterprisesstillfounditdifficulttorecruitworkers,,ononehand,in2012thenumberoflaborrecruitmentplansofenterprisesreducedonaquarterlybasis,andtheplanswereaimedatalargerproportionofrecruitsaged18~30,includingemployees,highschool(technicalsecondaryschoolandvocationalschool)graduatesandmaleemployees;ontheother,in2012thelaborshortagewasbeingalleviatedonaquarterlybasisandwasfurtheralleviatedamongenterprisesintheYangtze,/3oftheenterprisesplantoincreaseworkerswagesinthefirstquarterof2013,%;,thoseinBeijing-Tianjin-HebeiArea,largeenterprises,state-ersitygraduatesthanmigrantworkers,,riseinlaborc,015entrepreneursshowsthat,withregardtothemajorproblemhamperingthedevelopmentofenterprisesatthepresenttime,%oftheenterprisesmadethechoiceof"riseinlaborcost",rankingtopamong19choices,,%oftheenterprisesthoughtlaborcostrosehigherin2012thanin2011,being87percentagepointshigherthanthosethinkingthelaborcostwas"reduced".Intermsofregion,laborcostofenterprisesintheYangtzeRiverDeltaAreaandinthePearlRiverDeltaArearosehigherthanthatofenterprisesintheBeijing-Tianjin-HebeiArea;intermsofscale,laborcostofmedium-sizedenterprisesrosehigherthanthatoflargeandsmallenterprises;intermsofeconomictype,laborcostofforeign-fundedenterprisesrosehigherthanthatofstate-ownedandnon-state-ownedenterprises;inaddition,laborcostofexpo%oftheenterprisesthoughtthemonthlypayofaverageworkersamountedto2,%ofthemthoughtthemonthlypayoftechnicalworkerscameto4,000yuanorabove,%%respectivelyinthesecondquarter,%%%and36%,themonthlypayofaverageworkersshowedanupwardtrendonaquarterlybasis;themonthlypayoftechnicalworkersdroppedslightlyinthefirstthreequartersandroseinthefourthquarter(Tables12).Table1 WagesofAverageWorkersatPresent(%)10-200米ByChenJianpengLiZuojun,ResearchInstituteofResourcesandEnvironmentPoliciesofDRCResearchReportNo168,2012Sincetheturnofthe21stcentury,progresshasbeenmadeinChina,pollutionstillincreasesonthewholecurrentlyinChina,dinlinewiththeinvestigationsandresearchesintothecontrolexercisedbyvariouslocalitiesoverenvironmentalpollution,thisreportreviewsinretrospectsthecontroloverenvironmentalpollutioncarriedoutsincethe21stcenturyand,inthemeantime,itlooksaheadtotheenv(1)ThegrowthoftotalCODdischargedhasbeenbasicallyheldincheckDuring2001~2010,thetotalamountofchemicaloxygendemand(COD)dischargedfromwastewaternationwideshowedadownwardtrendonthewhole,,CODdischargedfromindustrialchemicalsdecreased,;,,CODdischargedfromwastewaternationwideincreasedinsteadofdecreasing,,thetotalamountofCODdischargedrespectivelyfromwastewater,industri,%over2005,outperformingtheoverallemissionreductiontasksetinthe11thFive-YearPlan3.。

    彩博888官网备用Source:ReportbyChinaBankingRegulatoryCommission2010andwebsiteofthePeoplehavedivertedtheirpreviouspolicyofofferingmajorcreditsupporttolarge,joint-stockandforeignenterprisestothepracticeoffocusingtheir,bytheendof2010,109commercialbankshadsetupinstitutionsspeciallyforsmall-andmedium-sizedenterprises,andmanybankshavecomeupwithfinancialprodmall-andmedium-siz,ategiclevelforitsboardofdirectorsandtheheadofficeofthebankhasprovidedmajorbackingforcreditservicetosmallandmicro-enterprisesintermsofmanpowerallocation,creditline,,70%~80%oftheincreasedloansin2010wereallspentonsmallandmicro-enterprises;intermsofmanpowerallocation,another600peoplewereassignedforloanservicetosmallandmicro-enterprisesin2010,andanincreaseof2,500peopleorsoinallinthebankingsectorwereassignedforthesaidservice,makingup24%irectfinancingAccordingtostatistics,thenumberofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesinthecapitalmarketandtheam,,36companieswerelistedatgrowthenterprisesmarket(GEM)forbusinessstartupin2009,117werelistedin2010and47werelistedinthefirstthreemonthsof2011,ystem,14joint-stockcompanieshaveconducteddirectionalcapitalincreasefor15timesbyissuingshare,83enterpriseshavebeenlisted,,bytheendof2010,byissuingsuchdebtfinancinginstrumentsascommercialpaperandSMECN,small-andmedium-sizedenterprisesisgraduallyincreasingBytheendof2010,thenumberofinstitutionsofferingpettyloanshadreached2,614nationwide,upby1,280overtheendofthepreviousyear;,,priseshadreached5,547(Thenumberonlyreached97in2000),,,theamountofsecuredloansprovide,thenumberofprovince-levelcreditre-guaranteeinstitutionsforsmall-andmedium-sizedenterprisesreached14.ByWangHui,ResearchTeamon"StudyofPromotingCoordinatedDevelopmentofUrbanandRuralAreas,AcceleratingtheProcessofTurningRuralMigrantWorkersintoUrbanResidents",theDRCResearchReportNo33,SocialIntegrationTheissueofsocialintegrationofruralmigrantworkersinChinaarisesfromthefactthatsincetheendofthe1980smoreandmoreruralmigrrationtheoriesandsocialpoliciesandinlightoftheuniquefeaturesofChina,itmeanstheparticipationandrecognitionofindividualsinagroupandthemutualdependencebetweengroupmembers,oraprocessinwhichdifferentindividuals,,political,social,institutional,culturalandpsychologicalaspects,:uldemphasizethatthevulnerablesocialgroupscanhavenecessaryopportunitiesandresourcestofullyparticipateineconomic,socialandculturallifeandliveanormallife,andshouldensurethattheyhavemoredecision-makincommonshareofsocialexperience,activeparticipation,extensiveequalityforall,opment,whichrequiresnotonlytheeliminationofbarriersorr,whichmeasuretherelationsofvulnerablesocialgroupswithpeoplearoundthem,haveatleasttwoimplications:theyequallyreceivecommunityattentionandcareinsocial,political,economicandculturallife,andtheyhavemutuallytrustworthy,admirableandrespectablehumanrelationswithfamilies,roveability,protectlegitimatehumanrightsasthatsocietyhastheobligationtoensurethateverycitizenisawareoftheirpotentialsandatruesocialintegrationshould,theissueofruralmigrantworkerssocialintegrationi,whoarenotonlylargeinnumberbutalsowidelydifferentinregionaldistribution,age,ability,qualification,,social,,thesocialin,welfare,labor,employment,participation,sexistingspecialfiscalandtaxsystems,,,ruralmigrantworkersindifferentregionsandcitiesareentitledtodrasticallydifferentbassocialintegrationinChinamustbeconductedagainstthebigpictureofeconomicandsocialtransitionandthechangeofthemodeofeconomicdevelopment,andmusttakeintofullaccounttheimpactsofeconomicandsocialtransitiononindustrialstructure,labor-capitalrelations,employmentstructure,an,thesocialintegrationofruralmigrantworkersisadynamicsocialprocess,inwhichinstitutionalinequalitymustbeeliminatedandsocialcapitalmustbeformedanddevelopedsothattheycanenjoy,asurbanresidentsdo,normaleconomicbenefit,socialandculturallife,equalpublicservicesandsocialwelfare,righttoextensivesocialandpoliticalparticipation,socialintegration,eliminatingunequalinstitutionalarrangementsistheprerequisite,realizingtheequalityinresourceallocation,publicservicesandsocialrightsisthegoal,andenhancingtheiradaptationtoandrecognitionbycitiesthroughskilltraining,qualificationeducation,,ruralmigrantworkersandtheirfamiliesmustbeorganicallyintegratedwithsocialorganizationsaroundthemsoastobe"organized".Throughmutualcommunicationandlearningwithinorganizations,ruralmigrantworkersandtheirfamiliescanboosttheirsocialadaptability,improvetheirsocialrelations,promotetheirsocialcapitaltransferanddevelopment,SocialIntegrationThesocialintegrationofruralmigrantworkersisaprogressiveprocess,anditsmeasuringstandardsaredirectlyrelatedtotheinstitutionalenvironment,theirowninterestpursuits,integrationintourbancommunityconductedin2010bytheDepartmentofSocialDevelopmentResearchoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)indicatesthat43ruralmigrantworkersandtheirstakeholdersacrossthecountryholdthatthetopfiveindicatorsofintegrationintourbancommunityarerespectivelytoenjoytheequalmedicalcare,educationandothersocialwelfareasurbanresidentsdo,havestablework,havetheirhouseholdregistertransferredtocities,havedormitoriesorotherfixedresidences,,havingequalsocialwelfare,localurbanhouseholdregister,stableworkanddescentfixedresidence,andequalpoliticalandeconomicrightsarethemainindicatorsandimportantstandardstomeasurethesocialintegrationofruralmigrantworkersinthegeneralsense.ByWuZhenjun,ResearchTeamon"PoliciesforYunnanDevelopmentofAgriculture,FarmersandRuralAreas"ofDRCResearchReportNo32,oductsBygivingplaytothecharacteristicsoftheresourcesandadvantagesoftheproductivebasesofitsdifferentregions,theprovinceofYunnanhasgivenscashcropsreached42millionmuin2010(15mumakeonehectare)andanoverallarrangementofrawmaterialbasesofcompetitiveagriculturalprod,theprovincehascementedandenhanceditscompetitiveindustrieswithtraditionalcharacteristics,suchastobacco,,,000tons,rank,~~20milliontons,withboththecultivatedareaandtheoutputmakingup16%orsoofthenationaltotal,,,%ofthenationaltotal,rankingtopinthecountry,andtheteaoutputhadreached207,000tons,%ofthenationaltotal,,theprovincehasacceleratedthed,thecultivatedareaofflowersinYunnanreached581,000mu,rankingfirstinthecountry,andtheoutputoffreshcutflowersrankedtopinthecountry,,thecultivatedareaofcoffeeinYunnanreached646,000mu,withaproductionof49,000tons,makingupmorethan99%and98%recentyears,thenumberofleadingenterprisesofagricultureindustrializationhasincnhavebeenbroughtupandtheg,thenumberofleadingenterprisesofagricultureindustrializationreached2012inYunnanandthenumberofvariouskindsoffarmproduceprocessingenterprisesabovethedesignatedsizereached1,omeinvolvedindistinctiveandcompetitiveindustries,fosteringenterpriseclusterswithdistinguishingfeatures,theto,344foreignenterprisesandover400enterprisesfromotherprovinceshavecometoYunnanforcultivation,breedingandprocessingofagriculturalproducts,whichwillfurtherpromotetheoveralllevelofthelorganizationlevelThenumberoffarmersprofessionalco-operativeorganizationshasincreasedrapidlyinYunnaninrecentyears,,thenumberoffarmersprofessionalco-operativeorganizationswidelyscatteredinvariousagriculturalindustries,suchastobacco,sugarandcoffee,hadincreasedto10,,,thenumberoffarmersprofessionalcooperativesregisteredatindustrialandcommercialauthoritieshadincreasedto7,lightoftheguidingprincipleof"VigorousGovernmentMotivation,CorrectMarketGuidance,ImpetusbyLeadingEnterprisesandActiveParticipationbyFarmers",theprovinceofYunnanhasdevotedmajoreffortstostartingtheconstructionofagriculturalstandardizationsyste,Yunnanhadformulatedandpromulgatedatotalof1,152localagriculturalstandardsandcriteria,,Yunnanhasconstructedatotalof134standardizationdemonstrationprojects,chcompetitiveanddistinctiveagriculturalindustriesascoffee,silkworm,flowers,youngforestplantsandspiceoil,,Yunnandevelopedatotalof4,658tobaccocooperativesand240,000productionhouseholds,,%oftheprovincialtotal,andrealized100%,suchprefecturesandmunicipalitiesasLincang,Dehong,PuerXishuangbannaandWenshanofYunnanhavevigorouslydevelopedsugarcanecultivationvillagesandteams,,,with57cultivationvillagesand154teamsbuilt,ofwhich,,coveringanareaof434,000mu,%.sputfortheffortstoadvancetheconstructionofthefarmproducecirculationmarket,improvedthemarketservicefunctions,initiallysetupthemodernfarmproducecirculationplatform,enhancedtheefficiencyoffarmproducecirculationandresolved,toacertainextent,thedifficultyfacingfarmers,cooperativesandagriculturalenterprisesinmarket"buyingandselling".Firstly,,Yunnanhassetupanaccumulativetotalof15,,Yunnanhadsetup213,000ruralcommercialnetworksunderthecountyleveland2,600farmersmarketshavebeenlistedasthestate-level"Double-HundredMarketProjects"(therenovationof100large-scaleagriculturalproductswholesalemarketsandthecultivationof100agriculturalenterprisesforcirculation-notesaddedbythetranslator).Yunnanhasinitiallyformedthemarketsystemwithwholesalemarketsplayingtheleadingrole,regionalmarketsasthemainstay,urbanandruraltrademarketsasthebasisandlarge-,,rmproducecold-chainsystem,theretraceablequalitysafetysystem,logisticsanddistributioncenters,inspectionandtestingcenters,safetymonitoringcenters,sewageandwastetreatmentcenters,,Yunnanha,thecommercialdepartmentsofYunnanhaveactivelyorganizedandstartedtheconnectionofagriculturalproductswithsupermarkets,enablingmorefarmproducecirculationenterprises,farmersco-operativeorganizationsandsupermarketstoparticipateintheaforesaidconnection,soastoimprovetheefficiencyinfarmproducecirculation.腾飞体育官方网站重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,ByHouYongzhi,GaoShijiandLiuPeilin,ResearchTeamon"AScientificDevelopmentEvaluationSystem",DepartmentofDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo62,2012Establishingthescientificdevelopmentevaluationsystemanddesigningaseriesofmeasurableobjectiveandsubjectiveindicatorsreflectingtheessentialrequirementofthescientificoutlookondevelopmentisanimportantwaytopromotesubstantialchangeofthedevelopmentpatternandpropelscientificdevelopment,andalsoaneffortonfundamenta,onlyacceptedbysociety,,contradictionsofimba"people-centered,balancedandsustainable"development,wemust,basedontheoreticalanalysis,learnfromavailabledevelopmentevaluationmethodsbothathomeandabroad,toacceleratetheestablishmentoftheunitorsystemevaluatingscientificdevelopment,wemusthavemoreprofoundunderstandingabouttheconnotationofthescientificoutlookondevelopment,andtranslatethecore,essentialelements,,weregardscientificdevelopmentas"people-centered,efficient,fairandsustainable".developmentshndevelopmentfromaholisticperspectiveandbyconnectingtheprinciplethat"developmentisthetoppriority"andthefeatureof"beingpeople-centered,balancedinanall-aroundandsustainableway".Without"beingpeople-centered"asthecore,wecanhardlydistinguish"developmentisthetoppriority"fromdevelopmentalism,highlighttheuniquesocialistdevelopmentpatternwithChinesecharacteristics,nomicdevelopmentandthatdevelopmentisofparamountimportanceintoday’eultimatepurposeofdevelopment,whichistocreateconditionsfortheultimaterealizationofthe"absoluteliberalizationofpeople"and"all-aroundfreedevelopmentofpeople","putting-peoplefirst",inthecurrentstage,workingisatoolforpeopletoearnaliving,ratherthantheprimarydemandoflife;therefore,wecanhardlyrealizethe"absoluteliberalizationofpeople",thescientificoutlookondevelopmentisanapproa,theeconomicgrowthrateshouldmaintainahighlevelinthelongrunsoastocontinuces,fasteconomicdevelopmentshouldbebasedontheoptimizedstructure,llymotivateallsocialmembers’enthusiasm,initiative,creativityanddynamisminstartingupbusinesswithinnovation,byestablishingsystemsandmechanismsbasedonequalopportunities,rightsandrules,sothatthemassescanfullyparticipateintheprocessofindustrialization,urbanizationandm,minimumsecurityshouldbeprovidedtothoselosingthecapabilityofworkandthosetemporarilyinneedofassistanceduetobusinessorologicalprogressSustainabledevelopmentconcernstheequalitybetweengenerations,andthekeyforsustainabledevelopmentistobalancethelivin,torealizesustainabledevelopmentandleaveenoughresourcesandspaceforlivingforfuturegenerationsdoesn’mToestablishtheindicatorsystemevaluatingthescientificdevelopment,weshould,firstofall,understandproblemsinChina’sdevelopment,weaknessesandstrengthsofavailabletheoreticalexplorationandpracticalexperienceinestablishingthedevelopmentevaluationsystem,andthenformulatescientificandrationalprinciplestodesignthes,Ch,thisprogressisfarfrommeetingtherequirementofscientificdevelopment,asinsufficientimportanceisattachedtopeopleandthedevelopmentshouldbemoreefficient,,manyregionsanddeparspectsofdevelopment,someonlocaldevelopmentorspecificdepartments,andctedbyothercountriessuchasBhutan,theUKandAustraliaandrelevantinternationalinstitutionsincludingtheUnitedNations(UN),theOrganizationofEconomicCooperationandDevelopment(OECD),emofscientificdevelopment,butcannotbedirectlyusedtoevaluateChina’:first,thereisnocleartheoreticalconnectionbetweenindicatorsselectedindomesticresearchandexplorationandthescientificoutlookondevelopment;second,thereisstillagapbetweenindicatorsselectedininternationalresearchandexplorationandChina’kondevelopmentandbysummarizingexperiencesintheoreticalandpracticaleffortsbothathomeandabroad,thispaperherebyproposessomebasicideasandprinciplestodesigntheevaluationindicatorsystem.Buthigh-speedrailwaysarenotedforhugeinvestments,,constructionperiods,technologicaldevelopmentaswellassomeotherfactors,theyalsovarygreatlyintheinvestmentscale,,theconstructioncostisabout6~45millioneuroperkilometer,(atthe2005constantprice).,thetotalconstructioncostisashighas50~,theoperationalandmaintenancecostsofhigh-speedrailwaysarealsoveryhigh,withtheannualmaintenancecostbeingabout28,000~33,000europertrack-kilometer(atthe2002price).,ticket,,%%,theMadrid~Sevillehi,high-speedrailwaysrequireexceptionallyhighconstructionandmaortantfacto,%shareofthecountrysrailwaymarketduringthe2000~2006period,,theshareinGermanyrose9%,%.gurationoftheTokaidoShinkansen,aJapanesehigh-speedrailwaywiththehighestspeedof210kilometersperhour,~1983,duringwhichatotalof2,e(1964~1973).TheyweremainlybuiltinJapanandBritain,respectivelyclaiming43%and36%~2009,duringwhichatotalof4,des(1984~2003).Atpresent,theglobalmileageofhigh-speedrailwaystotals12,050kilometers,withJapanrankingfirstandclaiming2,,194kilometersofhigh-speedrailways,accountingforabout10%athigh-speedrailwaysstillaccountfo,the7,100-kilometerhigh-speedrailwaysaccountforlessthan4%,thetotalmileageofhigh-speedrailways,includingtheupgradedexistingrailwayswithaspeedofmorethan200kilometersperhour,is6,552kilometers,whichaccountsforabout7%ofthecountry,onlyninecountriesandregionsaroundtheworldhavehig,,withtheaveragespeedofmorethan250kilometersperhour.LuWeiShenHengchaoInthepastthreeyearssinceChinapromulgatedthenationalintellectualpropertystrategy,thecountryhasscoredmarkedprogressinthefieldofintellectualpropertythankstotheunifiedleadershipoftheStateC,use,protectionandmanagementofintellectualpropertyhasexpanded,ualproperty,asintellectualpropertyhasjustbeenincorporatedintotheworkofvarioussectors,thescopeofprotectionhasbeenwidened,andtheimpl,intellectualpropertystrategyimplementationshouldemphasizetheintegrationwithindustrialdevelopment,theimprovementofsystemsandmechanisms,(orthestrategicprogramforshort),use,protectionandmanagementofintel,intellectualpropertyhasplayedagrowingroleineconomic,technological,,Chinahasexpandedthecapacityforthecreation,use,protectionandmanagementofintellectualproperty,,thecapacityenhancementisstrongerinthecreationofintellectualpropertythanintheuseofintellectualproperty,thequantitativegrowthofintellectualpropertyisfasterthantheimprovementofquality,theprotectionofintellectualpropertyismoredifficultthanthemanagementofintellectualproperty,andtheimplementationofp,ChinahasscoredmarkedprogressinthefieldofintellectualpropertythankstotheunifiedleadershipoftheSt,idated,andint,theenvironmentforintellectualpropertyprotectionhasbecomebetter,,’sinfluencehas,withthequantityoftheintellectualpropertyaccepted,,patentapplicat,trademarkregistrationapplicationswerethehighestintheworldandinventionpat,Chinarankedfourthintermsofinternationalpatentapplications,secondintermsofthegrowthofMadridinternationaltrademarkregistrationapplications,,voluntarycopyrightregistrationsrosefrom134,000to376,000,andcomputersoftwarecopyrightregistrationrosefrom24,520to81,,thefarmproductvarietyapplicationsacceptedrosefrom816to1,206,,newforestplantvarietyapplicationsrose45%,theircapacitytouseintellectualpropertyhasbecomehigher,andtheircon,theratioofpatentapp%andthevalueofregisteredtechnologytradingcontractsrose39%’shighestintermsofPCT(international),ZTEandHuaweirespectivelyrankedsecondandfourthintermsofglobalPCT(international),,%,andcopyright-h,,theLawonIntangibleCulturalHeritagehasbeenenactedandtheLawofthePeople’sRepublicofChinaonInfringementLiabilityhasclearlyincludedcopyright,patentrightandtrademarkrightintothesc,theImplementingRulesforthePatentLaw,theCopyrightLawandt,atotalof76lawseenforcementhasbecomehigher,thejudicialprotectionofintellectualpropertyhasbeenimproved,andadministrativee’scourtshavecoveredalllegalspheresofintellectualproperty,includingcivil,cordingtotheirfunctions,,,Chinahaslau"blueskyaction",the"mountaineagleaction",the"thunderboltaction",andthe"skynetaction".Theintensifiedcrackdownshaveincre,theStateCouncillaunchedaspecialactiononintellectualp,thisspecialactionhaspreliminarilycontainedrightsinfringementsandthespreadoffakeandinferiorgoods,,year,thetrialdurationforreconsideredcaseshasbeenshortenedto12months,,thedurationofpatentexaminationbecameslightlyshorter,thedurationofinventionpatentexaminationwasstabilizedat24months,andthedmonthsto3months,andthedurationofpatentreconsiderationcaseconclusionandpatentnullifieencompletedtocoverthewholeprocessofpatenthandling.LiZhijunTheCPCCentralCommitteeandtheStateCouncilhave,basedonthestates863Program,973Program,theProgramfortheStudyandIndustrializationofGeneticallyModifiedPlants,andtheProgramfortheIndustrializationofNewandHighTechnologies,theexecutivemeetingoftheStateCouncildeliberatedandapprovedinprincipletheim,progresshasbeenmadeinthecultureofnewtransgenicvarieties,thecloningofnewgenes,transgenictechnology,bio-safetytechnology,andtheindustrializationofthesetechnologiesthroughcontinuedeffort,theStateCouncilissuedPoliciesforAcceleratingtheDevelopmentofBio-industry,inwhichitsetforwardtheconceptof"acceleratingthebuildingofbio-industryintoapillarhi-techindustryandoneofthestatesstrategicemergingindustries".:"Continuetocarryoutimportanttechnologicalprogramsforcultivatingnewtransgenicvarieties;acceleratethedevelopmentoffunctionalgenesandnewbiologicalvarietieswithhighpracticalvalueandproprietaryintellectualpropertyrights;promotetheindustrializationofnewtransgenicvarietiesonthebasisofscientificevaluationandadministrationaccordingtolaw."Effortsarebeingintensifiedandthelegalsystemrefinedfortheprotectionoftheintellectualproperty(IP)ofChinawing:Article25ofthePatentLaw;afewsectionsintheStateIntellectualPropertyOffices"GuidelinesforExamination";RegulationsonAgriculturalTransgenicBio-safety;theStateCouncilinJune2008andthePoliciesforAcceleratingtheDevelopmentofBio-industrydistributedbytheGeneralOfficeoftheStateCouncil,whichcontainexplicitrulesonreinforcingbio-safetyandIPprotection,,themainproblemsinthisrespectare:imperfectlegislation,whichisdisjointedandonalowlevel;inadequatemacro-coordinationbetweendepartmentsandweaklawenforcement;insufficiantstrategicmoveforboostingagriculturethroughscientificandtechnologicaladvancesTransgenictechnology,whichisessentialtomodernbiotechnology,isknownas"oneofthemajortechnologiesappliedmostrapidlyinhumanhistory".Touseittocultivatehigh-yield,high-quality,multiresistantandefficientnewvarietiescanreducetheinputofpesticidesandfertilizersandisverymeaningfulforeasingtheresourceconstraints,protectingecologicalenvironment,improvingthequalityofproducts,ationoftransgen,enthusiasticallyfollowedbydevelopingcountries,havedesignatedtransgenictechnologyasastrategicfocusforseizingthefuturecommandingpositionofscienceandtec,genomics,andinformationsciencehasspurredtherapidprogressoftransgenic;newgenes,propertiesandproductsareconstantlyemerging;,newtransgenicvarietiesaroundtheworldaretransformingfromfirst-generationproductssuchaspest/herbicide-resistantvarietiestosecond-generationproductswithbetternutritionandhigheryieldsandthird-generationproductssuchasindustrialproducts,medicine,,th,typicallysoybeans,cotton,maizeandrape,(1mu=1/15ha.)esolutiontotheconstraintsoffarmland,waterandotherresources,tonationalfoodsecurity,antstrategygearedtofutureglobalcompetitionandthespecializationofindustries,andavitalapproachtoensuringnationalfoodsecurity;itisalsoamajordevelopmentstrategyforboostingagriculturethroughscientificandtechnologicalaecultivationofnewtransgenicvarieties,trytoseizetheeconomicandtechnologicalcommandingposition,andacceleratethestudyandapplicationoftransgenictechnology,inordertoprovidescientificandtechnologicalsupportforthesustainabledevelopmentofChinaIPoftransgenictechnologyFirst,thedevelopmentoftransgenictechn,transgenictechnologyhasamajorimpactontraditionalIPintermsofthesubjects,objects,tationduringimplementationmakesitdifficultattransgenictechnologycombinesthepartialgenesofmicroorganisms,plants,animals,ande,takingadvantageofloopholesinWTOlegislation,somedevelopedcountriesrestricttransgenicbio-productswithgreenbarriers,fthelackofafinalconclusionaboutthesafetyofgeneticallymodifiedorganisms(GMOs)intheinternationalcommunitya,certainrestrictionso,regardingthedevelopmentoftransgenictechnology,developedcountrieshavepowe,thebiodiversityresourcesindevelopingcountriesareyettobeeffectivelelatedAspectsofIntellectualPropertyRightshasbroughtaboutanunprecedenteddevelopmentandunificationoftheglobalIPregime,buttheglobalgeneticresourcesprotectionsystembuiltaroundtheConventiononBiologicalDiversityhasjustbeenlaunchedandislessenforceablethantheAgreement,hencetheglobalsituationofthes,developedcountriesvoraciouslypreyonandtakecontrolofthegeneticresourcesofdevelopingcountries,developnewvarietiesofcropswithadvancedtechnology,applyforpatentprotection,andgainhugeprofitsbysellingtheresultstodevelopingcountriesaspatentedtechnologiesandfruitsathighprices.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以Note:Thefigur:elativelytightinthefourthquarterIn2010,demandforsuchmajorenergyproductsaspowerandoilproductsincreasedbyawidemarginascomparedwith2009,,coalandoilproductshasbeensubstantiallyenhancedoverrecentyears,plustherapidincreaseofcoalandoilimports,,affectedbysomeshort-termfactors,,coaloutputc,coalsupplyturnedoutnormaldur,,,,%.Inthefirstthreequartersof2010,supplyofanddemandforoilproductsturnedoutevenonthewhole,,%,thedieselmarkethadfacedsuchnegativefactorsastheriseofinternationaloilprices,increaseofoilforpowergenerationandthedieselstockremainingatalowlevel,entdownascomparedwiththesameperiodofthepreviousyearIn2010,pricesofmajorenergyproducts,suchasoil,coalandpower,,sinceenergypricesrosegraduallyfromarelativelylowlevelin2009,thosepricesremainedhighbeforetheywentdownin2010ascomparedwiththesameperiodofthepreviousyear.(1)In2010theinternationaloilpricefluctuatedaround80USdollarsandthedomesticpricesofoilproductswereadjustedforfourtimesIn2010,theinternationaloilpricewasgenerallyfluctuatingaround70~nthefirstfourmonths,,themonthlyaverageprice(Platts,samebelow)/barrel,%,affectedbysuchfactorsasthesovereigndebtcrisissweepingacrosssomeEuropeancountriesandtheappreciationofUSdollar,theinternationaloilpricebegantodecline,/barrelinJune,%,,/,affectedbysuchfactorsasthedevaluationofUSdollar,theinternationaloilpricewentupmonthbymonth,/,toadapttothechangeofinternationalcrudeoilprice,theStateDevelopmentandReformCommission(SDRC)adjustedthedomesticpricesofoilproductsrespectivelyonApril14,June1,October26andDecember22.(2)CoalpriceswentuponthewholeAccordingtotheNationalBureauofStatistics,since2010,producerpricesofcoalandcokingindustriesremainedatagrowthrateofaround10%.InNovember,withtheadventofthewinterpeaktimeforcoalconsumption,,thepriceofsteamcoalinQinhuangdaorosebymorethan10%ascomparedto2009,yetinDecemberthepriceofthesteamcoalremainedthesameasthatinthesameperiodofthepreviousyearandinthebeginningof2011.(3)TheproducerpriceoftheelectricpowerincreasedonasmallscaleIn2010,theproducerpriceofelectricpowercontinuedtoriseonasmallscale,withtheriseremainingat2%orsointhewholeyear.、腾飞体育官方网站用户至上澳门新濠城PT超级狮子——Ananalysisofeconomicsituationinthefirsthalfof2011andprospectsforthewholeyearDRCTaskForceonAnalysisofEconomicPerformanceSince2011,theworldeconomyhasassumeda"double-trackgrowth"inbothdevelopedeconomiesandemergingectheobjectiveofpricecontrolinthefirstplace,thedrasticpricerisehasbeenalleviated,CPIpeakvaluei,adofbeingmadeeasy,,weshouldexpeditethestructuralreadjustmentanddispelunderlyingrisksand,meanwhile,weshouldmakethebestuseofthecircumstancesandputforthefforttoplanandadvancethereformofrelatedkeysectorstocreatefavorableconditionsforalonger,arSincethefourthquarteroflastyear,thepressureofpricerisehasstrengtheneddramatically,%%onsandhavepresentedfollowingnewcharacteristics:First,thetime-lagrelat,M1growthhasarelativelystablerelationshipwithCPI,namely,,M1%.TheCPIpeakvalueisnotyetfndthesizableliquidityonthemarket,,theretrench,edrasticriseoffoodprices,whilenon-foodpricesremainedrelativelystable,mmodityprices,thenon-foodpriceshavegoneupbyawidemargin,withthedegreeofr,thewagegrowthinthemanufacturingindustryhasbeengraduallytransmittedtotheservicesectorandthelaborcosthasgoneupatlarge,w,pricesofupstreamproductshaveb,theriseinpricesofstaplecommoditieshasslightlydrivenupthepurchasepricesofrawmaterial,fuelandmotivepowerforindustrialenterprises,leadingtoasharpriseinconsumerpricesofrawmaterialindustry,theprocessingindustry,enterprisesandtheriseinpricesofsuchproductionfactorsaslaborforce,theabilityofmidstreamanddownstreamindustriesandthatofintermediatelinkstodi,beingawareofthisroundofpricerisebeforehand,havepromptlya,,throughcontinuousincreaseofthedepositreserveratioandtheinterestratesandtheoptimizationofthecreditstructure,intermsofthecurrentmoneycredit,exchangerateandfunddemandandsupply,monetaryconditionshavebeenturnedfrom"easyconditions"to"adaptableconditions"andthemo,,,%,,withtheseasonaldownfallofthevegetableandfruitpricesandthecomprehensivegovernanceoftheintermediatelinks,themonth-on-monthfoodpriceshavegonedowncontinuouslysinceMarch,withtheratiobeingcontrolledat11%,thesummergraincropshaveseenanotherbumperharvestandtheinfluenceofspeciald,affectedbysuchfactorsastheslowdownoftheworldeconomicgrowthandtheshort-termreboundofUSdollar,pricesofstaplecommoditieshavereduced,PPIforChineseindustrialproducersandthepriceindexforimportedgoodshavedeclinedan,,pricesofmostChine,%inMayfromaye%.Recently,:,theporkpricemaygodownslightlyinthelatterhalfoftheyear,,althoughtheUnitedStateshasnotputoutthethirdroundofquantitativeeasymonetarypolicy(QE3)asitseconomicgrowthislowerthanexpected,itsunemploymentrateremainshigh,,largeamountsofduefundswillstillbeusedtopurchasebonds,,thedollarindexisnotmotivatedforacontinuousreboundinashortperiodoftime,andthepricesofstaplecommoditieswillremainhigh.ChengGuoqiangAgriculturewasoneofthemostdifficultissuesinthenegotiationforChinasentryintotheWorldTradeOrganization(WTO)andoneofthe,theevaluationoftheimpactimposedonChineseagricultureduringthe10yearssinceChinasentryinineseagricultureinthepastdecade,weanalyzedandidentifiedthebasicexperiencegainedfromtheopeningupofChineseagricultureandtheissuescallingforattentionduringtheprocess,andputforththestrategicdirectionandpolicyoptio:Openingup,GrowthandStructuralChangeChinasentryintotheWTOandtheexpandedopening-upofChineseagri,inthepastdecade,Chinahascontinuedtopushforwardtheopening-upofagricultureintermsofscopeanddepth;activelybuiltupthecapacityformakingcoordinateduseofboththedomesticandforeignmarketsandresources;strivedtoimprovetheoverallquality,operationefficiencyandmarketcompetencyofagriculture;andprovidestrongsupportandguaranteeforthenationalfoodsecurity,thesupplyofmajorfarmproducts,thesteadyandrapidgrowthofthenationaleconomy,:ernofagricultureInthepastdecadesinceChinasaccessiontotheWTO,%,lessthanaquarteroftheworldaverageof62%,makingChinaoneofthecountrieswiththelowesttariffsforfarmproductsintheworld1;compliedwiththecommitmentsconcerningtariffquotaadministration,adoptedimportcontrolanddomesticmarketmeasuresonkeyfarmproductssuchasgrainsandcotton,aswellasmeansofagriculturalproductionsuchasfertilizers2;cancelledsubsidiesforfarmproductexpor%.Meanwhile,Chinahasactivelyencouragedtheagriculturalintroductionandtheutilizationofforeigninvestment,andlaunchedprogramsinintegrateddevelopment,processingandcirculationoffarmproductsandtechnologicalRD,whichhaveplayedapositiveroleinpromotingthedevelopmentofmodernagriculture,upgradingthestructureofthefarmproductprocessingindustry,ricultureandtheestablishmentofanopen,fairandreasonableframeworkforinternationalandbilateralagriculturalcooperation;exploredandimplementedthe"goingglobal",includingprivateones,areactiveinoverseasinvestment,andhavelaunchedagriculturaldevelopmentandcooperativeoperationinSoutheastAsia,AfricaandSouthAmerica,formingasustained,stableandr,soa,ChinahaspromotedbilateraltradeliberalizationwithASEANandNewZealand;fullyparticipatedintheDohaRoundnegotiationstofacilitatetheestabli,Chineseagriculturehasbasicallyintegratedintotheinternationaltradesystem,withitsopening-upbeingbroadenedanddeepened,rehensiveproductioncapacityimprovedcontinuouslyInthepasttenyearsaftertheaccessiontotheWTO,Chinahastakenactivemeasurestodealwiththeimpactoffiercemarketcompetition,frequenttradefrictions,theinternationalfinancialcrisisandtheextremelyvolatilemarketoffarmproducts;managedtoaddressthechallengesoftheriseofthecostsofagriculturalproduction,declineofcomparativeinterests,andfrequentnaturaldisasters;,%,1%%from1998to2001beforeChinasaccessiontotheWTO(Table1).Table1ChangeoftheChineseEconomicStructure(%)from1978to2010LiZhijunTheCPCCentralCommitteeandtheStateCouncilhave,basedonthestates863Program,973Program,theProgramfortheStudyandIndustrializationofGeneticallyModifiedPlants,andtheProgramfortheIndustrializationofNewandHighTechnologies,theexecutivemeetingoftheStateCouncildeliberatedandapprovedinprincipletheim,progresshasbeenmadeinthecultureofnewtransgenicvarieties,thecloningofnewgenes,transgenictechnology,bio-safetytechnology,andtheindustrializationofthesetechnologiesthroughcontinuedeffort,theStateCouncilissuedPoliciesforAcceleratingtheDevelopmentofBio-industry,inwhichitsetforwardtheconceptof"acceleratingthebuildingofbio-industryintoapillarhi-techindustryandoneofthestatesstrategicemergingindustries".:"Continuetocarryoutimportanttechnologicalprogramsforcultivatingnewtransgenicvarieties;acceleratethedevelopmentoffunctionalgenesandnewbiologicalvarietieswithhighpracticalvalueandproprietaryintellectualpropertyrights;promotetheindustrializationofnewtransgenicvarietiesonthebasisofscientificevaluationandadministrationaccordingtolaw."Effortsarebeingintensifiedandthelegalsystemrefinedfortheprotectionoftheintellectualproperty(IP)ofChinawing:Article25ofthePatentLaw;afewsectionsintheStateIntellectualPropertyOffices"GuidelinesforExamination";RegulationsonAgriculturalTransgenicBio-safety;theStateCouncilinJune2008andthePoliciesforAcceleratingtheDevelopmentofBio-industrydistributedbytheGeneralOfficeoftheStateCouncil,whichcontainexplicitrulesonreinforcingbio-safetyandIPprotection,,themainproblemsinthisrespectare:imperfectlegislation,whichisdisjointedandonalowlevel;inadequatemacro-coordinationbetweendepartmentsandweaklawenforcement;insufficiantstrategicmoveforboostingagriculturethroughscientificandtechnologicaladvancesTransgenictechnology,whichisessentialtomodernbiotechnology,isknownas"oneofthemajortechnologiesappliedmostrapidlyinhumanhistory".Touseittocultivatehigh-yield,high-quality,multiresistantandefficientnewvarietiescanreducetheinputofpesticidesandfertilizersandisverymeaningfulforeasingtheresourceconstraints,protectingecologicalenvironment,improvingthequalityofproducts,ationoftransgen,enthusiasticallyfollowedbydevelopingcountries,havedesignatedtransgenictechnologyasastrategicfocusforseizingthefuturecommandingpositionofscienceandtec,genomics,andinformationsciencehasspurredtherapidprogressoftransgenic;newgenes,propertiesandproductsareconstantlyemerging;,newtransgenicvarietiesaroundtheworldaretransformingfromfirst-generationproductssuchaspest/herbicide-resistantvarietiestosecond-generationproductswithbetternutritionandhigheryieldsandthird-generationproductssuchasindustrialproducts,medicine,,th,typicallysoybeans,cotton,maizeandrape,(1mu=1/15ha.)esolutiontotheconstraintsoffarmland,waterandotherresources,tonationalfoodsecurity,antstrategygearedtofutureglobalcompetitionandthespecializationofindustries,andavitalapproachtoensuringnationalfoodsecurity;itisalsoamajordevelopmentstrategyforboostingagriculturethroughscientificandtechnologicalaecultivationofnewtransgenicvarieties,trytoseizetheeconomicandtechnologicalcommandingposition,andacceleratethestudyandapplicationoftransgenictechnology,inordertoprovidescientificandtechnologicalsupportforthesustainabledevelopmentofChinaIPoftransgenictechnologyFirst,thedevelopmentoftransgenictechn,transgenictechnologyhasamajorimpactontraditionalIPintermsofthesubjects,objects,tationduringimplementationmakesitdifficultattransgenictechnologycombinesthepartialgenesofmicroorganisms,plants,animals,ande,takingadvantageofloopholesinWTOlegislation,somedevelopedcountriesrestricttransgenicbio-productswithgreenbarriers,fthelackofafinalconclusionaboutthesafetyofgeneticallymodifiedorganisms(GMOs)intheinternationalcommunitya,certainrestrictionso,regardingthedevelopmentoftransgenictechnology,developedcountrieshavepowe,thebiodiversityresourcesindevelopingcountriesareyettobeeffectivelelatedAspectsofIntellectualPropertyRightshasbroughtaboutanunprecedenteddevelopmentandunificationoftheglobalIPregime,buttheglobalgeneticresourcesprotectionsystembuiltaroundtheConventiononBiologicalDiversityhasjustbeenlaunchedandislessenforceablethantheAgreement,hencetheglobalsituationofthes,developedcountriesvoraciouslypreyonandtakecontrolofthegeneticresourcesofdevelopingcountries,developnewvarietiesofcropswithadvancedtechnology,applyforpatentprotection,andgainhugeprofitsbysellingtheresultstodevelopingcountriesaspatentedtechnologiesandfruitsathighprices.、DVORByZhouHongchun,ResearchDepartmentofSocialDevelopmentofDRCResearchReportNo182,2010Garbageisanissuethatconcernspeopleslivelihoodandimpactspeopleslivingenvironmentandphysicalhealth,oproperlyhandlelegitimatepublicoutcriesforenvironmentalprotection,,thisissueshouldreceivehighat,theissueo,whichstoodatabout30milliontonsin1981,roseto154milliontonsin2008,atanannualgrowthrateof5%~6%.,000countycitiesand20,000centraltownswereincluded,,garbag"headache"tockpilingInfaceofrapidurbangarbagegrowth,theinitialmethodemployedbyso"garbage-besieged",whichspoilscitylooks,,riverwater,groundwaterandotherwatersourcesareseriouslypolluted,,theorganicmattersdecompose,,notedforhighincidenceofdiseases,,roblemSomecitieshavebeenslowinlandplanningandusedthe,,"perceivableandtouchable"vanityprojectsandneglecttheconstrtedbythegeneralpublicbeca,somesmallandmedium-sizedcitieshavecommissionedgarbagetreatmenttoenterprisesthroughbiddingandotherchannelsandfailedtoexercisenecessary,theexistenceandoperationofthesefacilitieshaveaffectedthelifeandphysicalhealthofnearbyresidents,elopmentoftheChineseeconomyandthecontinuousimprovementofthepeopleslivingstandard,dhealthrisks,and,thegrowingpublicresentmentsinthear,residentsinBeijing,Guangzhou,Jiangsuandotherplaceseitherstagedsit-insingarbagetreatmentgrounds,ormade"strolls"intherelatedgrounds,,whichnowhasarisingenvironmentalawareness,beginstotakeadvantageofInternetconveniencetovoicetheirhopethattheydonotwantgarbagetreatmentgroundsbuiltintheir"backyard",andconsistentwiththehuman-orienteds,indealingwithmassincidents,afewcitymanagers,whoareincompetentinsolvinggarbageproblemsandlackabilitytodealwithmassincidentsintheinformationage,,theytakeinappropriatemeasures,only,solvinggarbageproblemsGarbageDisposalIsMoreComplexthaninDevelopedCountriesChinasugncountries,thesubjectsofurb,theenvironmentaldepartmengandutilization,,Chinaisinthestageofrapidindustrializationandurbanization,,,advancepreparationssu,,someplacesusereservedlandfillgroundsforrealestatedevelopmentandindustrialconstruction."Thenextgovernmentpaysnoattentiontothedecisionsmadebythepreviousgovernment."Governmentdepartmentsscrambleforanythi,theenviron,garbagetreatmentgroundsbecomecloserandclosertoresidentialareasandtheaccumulatedgantsAlthoughthecomponentsofforeigngarbagearerelativelystableandgarbagesortingandrecyclingreceivehighattention,composting,,Europeancountriestreated42%oftheirgarbagebyland-filling,20%byrecyclingand17%filli,,seconomicdevelopment,,thegarbageinBeijing,Shanghai,Guangzhouandotherlargecitiescontainsahigherratioofrecyclablecompo,thegarbageofsmallandme,morethan70%,nos...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.LeiWeiTheoutbreakoftheinternationalfinancialcrisishastaughtusaprofoundlesson,thatis,guardingagainstthesystematicrisksandstrengtheningtheprudentmacromanagement,itisofvitalimportancetodrawonandpaycloseattentiontotheinternationaltrendofreformonprudentmacromanagementframeworkandconstructonethatissuitedtoChinaeworkatthePresentStageofDevelopmentinChinaCurrently,thefinancialregulationinChinastillremainsatthelevelofprudentmicromanagementandtheconceptofaprudentmacromanagementhas,thelatenthiddensystematicrisksarepressingforthereformofChinabilityareincreasingAtpresent,Chinalacksaspecialdepartmentinitsmacro-controlsystemtogetagraspoftheoverallpictureofthesystematicfinancialrisksfromtheprudentmacromanagementperspectiveandtomakein-depthanalysisofthecloselinkpolicy-making,,themacrorisksfacingChinasfinancialsystemmainlyinclude:One,theadverseimpactofthedisequilibriuma,thepressuregeneratedbytheaccumulationoftheassetpricebubbles,suchastherealestateprices,,thepressurearisingfromthedrasticincreaseofloansthroughi,thegrowingimpactofthecross-bordercapitalflowonChinaralldevelopmentInrecentyears,withthedevelopmentofthepilotprojectsofcomprehensivefinancialbusinessmanagementandofmulti-industryandtrans-marketintersectingfinancialbusinessoperationrepresentedbywealthmanagementproductsandprivateequities,thecurrentlyenforcedfinancialregulationsystemisbeingfacedwithseverechallengesandthesystematicf,thereisalackofeffectivesupervisionovertheever-growingfinancialholdingcompanies,particularlythereislittlesupervisionoverthecomprehensi,,thereisashortageofunitaryregulatoryrulesonmulti-industryandtrans-marketintersectingfinancialbusinessoperations,spresentfinancialregulationsystemAtpresent,thePeoplesBankofChina,ChinaBankingRegulatoryCommission,ChinaSecuritiesRegulatoryCommissionandChinaInsuranceRegulatoryCommissionhaveconductedthefinancialsupervisionandcontrolinitsinitialform,thusofficiallyformingthefinancialregulationsystemcharacterizedbydividedoperation,dividedcontrolansBankofChinaismainlyinchargeofformulating,enhancingandimplementingmonetarypoliciesand,meanwhile,italsopracticesforeignexchangecontrol,exercisesfollow-upsurveysoftheinternationalfinancialmarketandissueearly-warningsonmarketrisks,supervisesandcontrolscross-bordercapitalflows,interbankmarkets,bankbondmarkets,bankbillmarkets,interbankforeignexchangemarkets,goldma,theStateCouncilapprovedtheRegulationontheMainFunctions,InteriorInstitutionsandStaffingofthePeoplesBankofChinaansfinancialregulationsystemInrecentyears,withtherapiddevelopmentoffinancialglobalization,liberalizationandfinancialinnovation,thefinancialindustryhasbeenopeningwide,thepresentfinancialregulationsystemhasbecomeincreasinglyunabletoadapttothechangesandtheinherentdefectsofthissystemhavegraduallyloomedup.(1)InadequatesupervisionandcoordinationunderthepresentregulationsystemCurrently,multi-industryproblemsaremainlysolvedthroughconsultationatt,theministry-leveljointconferencemechanismisonlyanexpedientmeasureforstrengtheningfinancialregulationandcoordinationunderthepresentfinancialsystem,,theministry-leveljointconferencesystemisusuallyatemporaryfinancialregulationan,forlackoflegalsupportonthenationallevel,theconstraintandauthoritativenessofsuchamechanismwillbecrippledconsiderablyandthedecisionsmadeatthejointconferenceswon,usually,“memorandums”aresignedbyvarioussectorsfortheestablishmentoftheministry-leepolicyorbusinessissues,thecoord,thoughthePeoplesBankofChinaplaysaroleinsafeguardingthefinancialstability,ithasnorelevantmeasuresandadministrativeauthoritativeness.(2)InadequateconstructionofthesystemforguardingagainstsystematicfinancialrisksTherehasbeeninadequateconstructheopeningup,thesystematicfinancialriskswillexertincreasinglyevidentinfluenceonChinasiveinthedaystocome,therewill,weshouldtakeprecautionsbymakingfulluseofChinaslatterdevelopmentadvantagesinsystematicinnovationanddesignandplaninadvanceafinancialregulationsystemconducivetoguardingagainstanddissolvingsystematicfinancialrisks.ByHanJun,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo52,nChinahad,forlong,practicedadualistsystemforurbanandruralareas,,differentmechanismswereemployedtoprovidepublicservicesforurbanandruralresidentsandtheallocationofpubliccfinance,tovisionofruraleducation,medicalcare,socialsecurity,publicinfrastructureandotherpublicservices,boththe,proposedin1998,edeconomicandatbuildinganewsocialistcountrysidewouldbeamajorhistorictask,ruralcove,var,thesupportbypublicfinanceforruraldevelopmenthasbeenextendedfromtheformerrelativelynarrowagriculturalproductiontotheprovisionofruralpublicservicesandtheconstructionofpublicinfrastructures,andgraduallytoruraleducation,medicalcare,old-ageinsurance,culture,roadconstruction,,governmentsatalllevelandintensity,,comprehensivefreecompulsoryeducationhasbe,Chinabegantoincludeallruralstudents(includingthoseincountiesandtowns)acrossthecountryintothecoverageof"twoexemptionsandonesubsidy",,atotalof150millionruralstudentsreceivingcom,theycanhavefreetextbooksprovidedbythegovernmentandmillionsofpo,thenewruralcooperativem,ithasbasicallycoveredallrura,amin,,theexperimentonanewruralinsurancesystemwascomprehensivelylaunchedin2009toexplorehowtoestablishanewruralinsurancesystemincorporatingpersonalcontribution,,atotalof10,Chinahaslaunchedaprojecttorenovateramshackleruralhousesandprovidedsubsidy,theStateprovidedfiscalsubsidyfor800,,theconstructionofruralwater,electricity,road,naturalgas,Internetand~2010period,atotalof215millionruralpeoplehadgainedaccesstosafedrinkingwater,cts,focusingonthewater-savingtransformationinlargeirrigationareas,thedemonstrationprojectsonwater-savingirrigation,andthekeycouystemWhileChinahasmadegreateffortsandscoredsomeachievementsinequalizingbasicpublicservicesbetweenurbanandruralareasinrecentyears,theurban-ruraldisstillprominent,andthe,thesystemsoneducation,health,cultureandotherpublicservices,,bothsystemadjustmenandrurallooksisstillsharp(1)TheproblemofunsaferuraldrinkingwaterisstillprominentCurrently,therearetwomainprob,about220millionr0arededucted,Chinalanforruralsafedrinkingwaterprojects(2005~2015):thepopulationwhofailedtobeincludedinthenationalplanafterthere-evaluationbytheMinistryofWaterResourcesin2004,thenewlyaddedpopulationarisingfromwatersourcepollutionanddepletion,earthquake,higherstatewaterqualitystandardsandengineeringrelocation,andthenewlyaddedpopulationarisingfromtheexpandedcove,asengineeringconstructionadvances,theeasyprojectshavebeenlargelycompletedandmostoftheremainingpeoplearelivinginareasfarfromwatersources,wherewaterqualityispoor,topographyiscomplex,,mostprovincesandction.。

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